Satellite and Ground Based Thermal Observation of the 2014 Effusive Eruption at Stromboli Volcano
AbstractAs specifically designed platforms are still unavailable at this point in time, lava flows are usually monitored remotely with the use of meteorological satellites. Generally, meteorological satellites have a low spatial resolution, which leads to uncertain results. This paper presents the first long term satellite monitoring of active lava flows on Stromboli volcano (August–November 2014) at high spatial resolution (160 m) and relatively high temporal resolution (~3 days). These data were retrieved by the small satellite Technology Experiment Carrier-1 (TET-1), which was developed and built by the German Aerospace Center (DLR). The satellite instrument is dedicated to high temperature event monitoring. The satellite observations were accompanied by field observations conducted by thermal cameras. These provided short time lava flow dynamics and validation for satellite data. TET-1 retrieved 27 datasets over Stromboli during its effusive activity. Using the radiant density approach, TET-1 data were used to calibrate the MODVOLC data and estimate the time averaged lava discharge rate. With a mean output rate of 0.87 m3/s during the three-month-long eruption, we estimate the total erupted volume to be 7.4 × 106 m3. View Full-Text
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Zakšek, K.; Hort, M.; Lorenz, E. Satellite and Ground Based Thermal Observation of the 2014 Effusive Eruption at Stromboli Volcano. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 17190-17211.
Zakšek K, Hort M, Lorenz E. Satellite and Ground Based Thermal Observation of the 2014 Effusive Eruption at Stromboli Volcano. Remote Sensing. 2015; 7(12):17190-17211.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zakšek, Klemen; Hort, Matthias; Lorenz, Eckehard. 2015. "Satellite and Ground Based Thermal Observation of the 2014 Effusive Eruption at Stromboli Volcano." Remote Sens. 7, no. 12: 17190-17211.