Surface Freshwater Storage Variations in the Orinoco Floodplains Using Multi-Satellite Observations
AbstractVariations in surface water extent and storage are poorly characterized from regional to global scales. In this study, a multi-satellite approach is proposed to estimate the water stored in the floodplains of the Orinoco Basin at a monthly time-scale using remotely-sensed observations of surface water from the Global Inundation Extent Multi-Satellite (GIEMS) and stages from Envisat radar altimetry. Surface water storage variations over 2003–2007 exhibit large interannual variability and a strong seasonal signal, peaking during summer, and associated with the flood pulse. The volume of surface water storage in the Orinoco Basin was highly correlated with the river discharge at Ciudad Bolivar (R = 0.95), the closest station to the mouth where discharge was estimated, although discharge lagged one month behind storage. The correlation remained high (R = 0.73) after removing seasonal effects. Mean annual variations in surface water volume represented ~170 km3, contributing to ~45% of the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)-derived total water storage variations and representing ~13% of the total volume of water that flowed out of the Orinoco Basin to the Atlantic Ocean. View Full-Text
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Frappart, F.; Papa, F.; Malbeteau, Y.; León, J.G.; Ramillien, G.; Prigent, C.; Seoane, L.; Seyler, F.; Calmant, S. Surface Freshwater Storage Variations in the Orinoco Floodplains Using Multi-Satellite Observations. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 89-110.
Frappart F, Papa F, Malbeteau Y, León JG, Ramillien G, Prigent C, Seoane L, Seyler F, Calmant S. Surface Freshwater Storage Variations in the Orinoco Floodplains Using Multi-Satellite Observations. Remote Sensing. 2015; 7(1):89-110.Chicago/Turabian Style
Frappart, Frédéric; Papa, Fabrice; Malbeteau, Yoann; León, Juan G.; Ramillien, Guillaume; Prigent, Catherine; Seoane, Lucía; Seyler, Frédérique; Calmant, Stéphane. 2015. "Surface Freshwater Storage Variations in the Orinoco Floodplains Using Multi-Satellite Observations." Remote Sens. 7, no. 1: 89-110.