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Remote Sens. 2013, 5(10), 5143-5151; doi:10.3390/rs5105143
Article

A Deviation-Time-Space-Thermal (DTS-T) Method for Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)-Based Earthquake Anomaly Recognition: Criterions and Quantify Indices

1
,
1,2,* , 2
 and
3
1 School of Environment Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Daxue Road, Xuzhou 221116, China 2 Academy of Disaster Reduction & Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, Xinjiekouwai Street, Beijing 100875, China 3 Institute for Geoinformatics & Digital Mine Research, Northeastern University, Heping District, Shenyang 110819, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 August 2013 / Revised: 11 October 2013 / Accepted: 14 October 2013 / Published: 17 October 2013
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Abstract

The particular process of LCA (Lithosphere-Coversphere-Atmosphere) coupling referring to local tectonic structures and coversphere conditions is very important for understanding seismic anomaly from GEOSS (Global Earth Observation System of Systems). The LCA coupling based multiple-parameters analysis should be the foundation for earthquake prewarning. Three improved criterions: deviation notable enough, time quasi-synchronism, and space geo-adjacency, plus their quantify indices are defined for earthquake anomaly recognition, and applied to thermal parameters as a DTS-T (Deviation-Time-Space-Thermal) method. A normalized reliability index is preliminarily defined considering three quantify indices for deviation-time-space criterions. As an example, the DTS-T method is applied to the Ms 7.1 Yushu earthquake of 14 April 2010 in China. Furthermore, combining with the previous analysis of six recent significant earthquakes in the world, the statistical results regarding effective parameters, the occurrence of anomaly before the main shocks and a reliability index for each earthquake are introduced. It shows that the DTS-T method is reasonable and can be applied for routine monitoring and prewarning in the tectonic seismicity region.
Keywords: GEOSS (Global Earth Observation System of Systems); earthquake anomaly recognition; multi-parameters; thermal; DTS-T (Deviation-Time-Space-Thermal) method; temperature; surface latent heat flux; outgoing longwave radiation GEOSS (Global Earth Observation System of Systems); earthquake anomaly recognition; multi-parameters; thermal; DTS-T (Deviation-Time-Space-Thermal) method; temperature; surface latent heat flux; outgoing longwave radiation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Qin, K.; Wu, L.; Zheng, S.; Liu, S. A Deviation-Time-Space-Thermal (DTS-T) Method for Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)-Based Earthquake Anomaly Recognition: Criterions and Quantify Indices. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5143-5151.

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