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Remote Sens. 2013, 5(10), 5152-5172; doi:10.3390/rs5105152
Article

Examining the Satellite-Detected Urban Land Use Spatial Patterns Using Multidimensional Fractal Dimension Indices

1,2
,
1
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2,* , 3
 and
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1 School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China 2 Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hunghom, Kowloon, Hong Kong 999077, China 3 State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China 4 State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2013 / Revised: 25 September 2013 / Accepted: 9 October 2013 / Published: 17 October 2013
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Abstract

Understanding the spatial patterns of urban land use at both the macro and the micro levels is a central issue in global change studies. Due to the nonlinear features associated with land use spatial patterns, it is currently necessary to provide some distinct analysis methods to analyze them across a range of remote sensing imagery resolutions. The objective of our study is to quantify urban land use patterns from various perspectives using multidimensional fractal methods. Three commonly used fractal dimensions, i.e., the boundary dimension, the radius dimension, and the information entropy dimension, are introduced as the typical indices to examine the complexity, centrality and balance of land use spatial patterns, respectively. Moreover, a new lacunarity dimension for describing the degree of self-organization of urban land use at the macro level is presented. A cloud-free Landsat ETM+ image acquired on 17 September 2010 was used to extract land use information in Wuhan, China. The results show that there are significant linear relationships represented by good statistical fitness related to these four indices. The results indicate that rapid urbanization has substantially affected the urban landscape pattern, and different land use types show different spatial patterns in response. This analysis reveals that multiple fractal/nonfractal indices provides a more comprehensive understanding of the spatial heterogeneity of urban land use spatial patterns than any single fractal dimension index. These findings can help us to gain deeper insight into the complex spatial patterns of urban land use.
Keywords: urban land use; spatial pattern; fractal methods; remote sensing imagery; lacunarity dimension; Wuhan urban land use; spatial pattern; fractal methods; remote sensing imagery; lacunarity dimension; Wuhan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wu, H.; Sun, Y.; Shi, W.; Chen, X.; Fu, D. Examining the Satellite-Detected Urban Land Use Spatial Patterns Using Multidimensional Fractal Dimension Indices. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5152-5172.

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