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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1458; doi:10.3390/su9081458

Configuration and Evolution of the Landscape from the Geomorphological Map in the Natural Parks Batuecas-Quilamas (Central System, SW Salamanca, Spain)

1
Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Salamanca, Plaza de la Merced s/n, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
2
National Museum of Natural Sciences, Geology Section, Spanish National Research Council—CSIC, C/José Gutiérrez Abascal No. 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Soil Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 May 2017 / Revised: 26 July 2017 / Accepted: 9 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

This work performs a geomorphological mapping procedure applied to the evolutionary analysis of the landscape, such that it groups different geomorphological units photointerpreted in large geomorphological domains. This allows greater utility and ease of identification and application in the different multidisciplinary studies of environmental geology and the evolution of the landscape. Geomorphological analysis allows the investigation of the reconstruction of the relief from the processes that have shaped the landscape over time. This work is a tool for the analysis of palaeolandscapes and palaeoreliefs applied to correct environmental and sustainable planning of the territory. The process starts from a morphostructural zoning in which they are grouped according to their erosive and depositional forms and the morphogenetic system to which they belong: structural, fluvial, gravitational, and polygenic. The procedure is applied to two natural parks: Batuecas and Quilamas, differentiating 18 geomorphological domains. The 2D and 3D cartographies have been implemented in virtual 3D balloons allowing a greater ease of landscape analysis in the spatial distribution of the different units over orthophotographs. The morphological and chronological evolution of the evolution of the landscape is established from the relative age of the lithological units and the geomorphological domains, as well as by their geospatial position. Georeferenced digital mapping complies with the Inspire directive for these natural spaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: geomorphology; landscape evolution; geomorphologic domains; morphogenetic systems; GIS geomorphology; landscape evolution; geomorphologic domains; morphogenetic systems; GIS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Graña, A.M.; Goy, J.L.; Zazo, C.; Silva, P.G.; Santos-Francés, F. Configuration and Evolution of the Landscape from the Geomorphological Map in the Natural Parks Batuecas-Quilamas (Central System, SW Salamanca, Spain). Sustainability 2017, 9, 1458.

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