Next Article in Journal
The Price of Environmental Sustainability: Empirical Evidence from Stock Market Performance in China
Previous Article in Journal
Lessons Learned from the Failed Spanish Refugee System: For the Recovery of Sustainable Public Policies
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1454; doi:10.3390/su9081454

Overview of Wind Power in China: Status and Future

1
Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
2
Research Center for Strategy of Global Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
3
College of Management Science, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610051, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2017 / Revised: 14 August 2017 / Accepted: 15 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4585 KB, uploaded 17 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Due to the rapid economic development in China, the conflict between the increasing traditional energy consumption and the severe environmental threats is more and more serious. To ease the situation, greater use of wind energy in China could be the solution for energy conservation and sustainable environment in the long run. This paper describes the presentation of wind power in China, which covers distribution, bases, installed capacity, power generation from the spatial perspective and the environmental benefit. In addition, grey model (GM(1,1) ) and scenario analysis are employed to forecast the installed capacity in China from 2017 to 2025, then the evaluation of two methods is presented. By this research, the results are shown as the following: (1) the North region has great wind energy with 2500–3000 giga watt (GW) and the offshore wind energy in the Southeast is abundant; (2) the Inner Mongolia base located in North China makes a great contribution to wind power as well as having great potential for wind power development with the potential of 1300 GW; (3) the growth rate of installed capacity and wind power generation in China is declining with 100% in 2006 to 30% in 2015, 107% in 2009 to 17% in 2015, respectively; (4) the “three North” region has made a great contribution to current installed capacity and wind power generation with 74% and 71%, respectively; (5) wind power has significant environmental benefits with coal reduction of 23,887 × 104 tce, CO2 reduction of 66,854 × 104 tons and SO2 reduction of 173 × 104 tons in total from 2008 to 2015; (6) the installed capacity in China from 2017 to 2025 is predicted utilizing a GM(1,1) model with 38,311.1810 × 103 GW in 2025, while, with a scenario analysis, the installed capacity will reach up to 40,000 × 103 GW in 2025 under the high GDP growth rate and 29,000 × 103 GW in 2025 under the low GDP growth rate, respectively. Finally, it can be concluded that China has a solid foundation for the wind power development due to its abundant wind resources and great potential for wind power. Furthermore, the sustainable development can be guaranteed, and reduction in energy usage as well as emissions can be achieved by promoting wind power widely and effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; wind energy distribution; wind power generation; GM(1,1); sustainable development China; wind energy distribution; wind power generation; GM(1,1); sustainable development
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, J.; Liu, Q.; Li, X.; Cui, X. Overview of Wind Power in China: Status and Future. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1454.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top