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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1433; doi:10.3390/su9081433

An Improved Hybrid Grey Relational Analysis Approach for Green Resilient Supply Chain Network Assessment

Department of Industrial Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, 14778–93855 Tehran, Iran
Department of Industrial Engineering, Karaj Branch, Ismalic Azad University, 31486–35731 Karaj, Iran
School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, 14399–57131 Tehran, Iran
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 May 2017 / Revised: 28 July 2017 / Accepted: 8 August 2017 / Published: 17 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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In the growing and turbulent market of the current world both in national and in international relations, the need for reviewing and assessment of the resiliency of suppliers as one of the new concepts in supply chain management has been prioritized. In addition, globalization, increasing the regulations of governmental and non-governmental organizations, customers’ request and pressure regarding environmental issues has led organizations to evaluate the measures necessary to implement green supply chain management, to improve their environmental and economic performance. The subject of selecting and evaluating suppliers on green supply chain with resilience capability first requires the identification of the supplier evaluation criteria so that it considers the resiliency of the supply chain concurrent with the concepts of green supply chain. Secondly, right tools should be used for the decision. Considering all the criteria and indicators in conditions of uncertainty encourages the development and application of methods, such as fuzzy theory and grey systems theory. In this research, a comprehensive model for evaluating green resilience supply chain network is provided. In order to apply both quantitative and qualitative criteria, the possibility of making the target based criteria dimensionless along the cost or benefit criteria, the use of experts’ opinions in the allocation of weights to the criteria and indicators using grey numbers, grey relational analysis are developed and improved. In the end, the implementation of the proposed model is explained step by step in a case study and the future conclusions and recommendations are suggested. View Full-Text
Keywords: green resilient supplier selection; grey relational analysis; supply chain network; target-based criteria green resilient supplier selection; grey relational analysis; supply chain network; target-based criteria

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Malek, A.; Ebrahimnejad, S.; Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, R. An Improved Hybrid Grey Relational Analysis Approach for Green Resilient Supply Chain Network Assessment. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1433.

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