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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1324; doi:10.3390/su9081324

Sustainable Vehicles-Based Alternatives in Last Mile Distribution of Urban Freight Transport: A Systematic Literature Review

Program of Transportation Engineering COPPE/UFRJ. Technology Center, Building H–Room 117, University City–Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 999074, Brazil
Federal Center of Technological Education Celso Suckow da Fonseca, Rio de Janeiro 999074, Brazil
Military Institute of Engineering, Praça General Tibúrcio 80, Praia Vermelha, Rio de Janeiro 999074, Brazil
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 June 2017 / Revised: 21 July 2017 / Accepted: 24 July 2017 / Published: 29 July 2017
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The advent of new technologies in last mile deliveries is about to cause a disruption in the traditional business model applied in urban cargo transportation, thus presenting innumerous research opportunities in this field of knowledge. In this context, identifying new operation models and vehicles that could be applied for last mile deliveries in urban areas becomes crucial. Therefore, this paper aims to identify, through a systematic literature review, the main types of vehicles addressed in the literature that could be used in the last mile of urban freight distribution in order to increase the sustainability of this type of operation. The results indicate a trend for the implementation of smaller and lighter vehicles for last mile deliveries in urban areas: 47% of the studies suggest, among other alternatives, the use of bicycles and tricycles; while 53% of the articles support the use of light commercial vehicles. Another trend observed in this type of distribution, indicated in 64% of the studies, is the shift from conventional (fossil fuels) to alternative sources of energy (electricity). View Full-Text
Keywords: last mile; urban freight distribution; vehicle; city logistics last mile; urban freight distribution; vehicle; city logistics

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Oliveira, C.M.; Albergaria De Mello Bandeira, R.; Vasconcelos Goes, G.; Schmitz Gonçalves, D.N.; D’Agosto, M.D.A. Sustainable Vehicles-Based Alternatives in Last Mile Distribution of Urban Freight Transport: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1324.

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