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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1327; doi:10.3390/su9081327

How Is Environmental Proactivity Accomplished? Drivers and Barriers in Firms’ Pro-Environmental Change Process

1
Department of Management and CIRCE Institute, University of Zaragoza, 50005 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Department of Marketing, University of Zaragoza, 50005 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Department of Management, University of Zaragoza, 50005 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 24 July 2017 / Accepted: 26 July 2017 / Published: 29 July 2017
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Abstract

The contaminating effects of economic activity and the scarcity of natural resources has led firms to a situation in which corporate strategy has been compromised by environmental issues. The objective of this paper is to analyse some of the factors determining the pro-environmental change process by considering the drivers encouraging firms to progress in environmental protection and the barriers that curb this progress. Using a structural equation model implemented on a sample of 303 firms, our results confirm a direct and positive effect of stakeholder pressure and of the expectations of obtaining competitive advantages from the pro-environmental change process. The results also confirmed the indirect effect of stakeholder pressure on pro-environmental change through managers’ expectations of obtaining competitive advantages, which play a mediating role in the firm’s response. Although managers interpret the barriers we have studied as obstacles to adopting environmental protection measures, they do not prevent any firm from reaching advanced levels of pro-environmental change. View Full-Text
Keywords: stakeholder pressure; barriers; expectations of competitive advantages; pro-environmental change; environmental proactivity; manager’s perception stakeholder pressure; barriers; expectations of competitive advantages; pro-environmental change; environmental proactivity; manager’s perception
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Valero-Gil, J.; Rivera-Torres, P.; Garcés-Ayerbe, C. How Is Environmental Proactivity Accomplished? Drivers and Barriers in Firms’ Pro-Environmental Change Process. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1327.

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