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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1291; doi:10.3390/su9081291

Conservation Policy-Community Conflicts: A Case Study from Bogda Nature Reserve, China

1
Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Business School, Lishui University, Lishui 323000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2017 / Revised: 17 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 25 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment, Tourism and Sustainable Development)
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Abstract

Bogda Nature Reserve is a World Heritage Site (WHS) in Xinjiang, China. Potential conflicts between community development and heritage conservation are important topics to study and may have an impact on the sustainable development of heritage sites. In this study, we conducted a survey with the community residents of the Bogda Nature Reserve to examine major potential conflicts arising from local residents’ perceptions regarding conservation policy and its interventions. The results indicated that the local community supports heritage conservation and development, but they expressed negative attitudes towards their present living conditions, especially due to policy-induced loss of benefits. Through the research, three major conflicts were identified: (1) a divergence in residents’ awareness of the WHS designation and the conservation policy (grazing restriction policy); (2) negative changes in living conditions compared to before the WHS designation; (3) the degradation of well-being caused by tourism. In addition, expectations from residents were combined to assess the implications for the present situation and advise on conservation plans to facilitate sustainable management in Bogda. View Full-Text
Keywords: World Heritage Site; residents; policy-community conflicts; Bogda Nature Reserve World Heritage Site; residents; policy-community conflicts; Bogda Nature Reserve
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Liu, Q.; Yang, Z.; Wang, F. Conservation Policy-Community Conflicts: A Case Study from Bogda Nature Reserve, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1291.

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