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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1118; doi:10.3390/su9071118

Environmental Impacts of Sand Exploitation. Analysis of Sand Market

Faculty of Business, Department of Business, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca 400084, Romania
Received: 17 May 2017 / Revised: 15 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 26 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilience to Natural and Man-Made Disasters)

Abstract

Sand is an indispensable natural resource for any society. Despite society’s increasing dependence on sand, there are major challenges that this industry needs to deal with: limited sand resources, illegal mining, and environmental impact of sand mining. The purpose of this paper is twofold: to present an overview of the sand market, highlighting the main trends and actors for production, export and import, and to review the main environmental impacts associated with sand exploitation process. Based on these findings, we recommend different measures to be followed to reduce negative impacts. Sand mining should be done in a way that limits environmental damage during exploitation and restores the land after mining operations are completed. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; sand market; sand exploitation; environmental impacts resilience; sand market; sand exploitation; environmental impacts
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gavriletea, M.D. Environmental Impacts of Sand Exploitation. Analysis of Sand Market. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1118.

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