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Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1117; doi:10.3390/su9071117

Small Scale Hydroelectric Power Plants in Norway. Some Microeconomic and Environmental Considerations

Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Department of Economics and Business Administration, 6851 Sogndal, Norway
Current address: Kjørnes, 6856 Sogndal Norway.
Received: 24 April 2017 / Revised: 13 June 2017 / Accepted: 20 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydropower and Sustainability)
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Abstract

The development of small-scale hydroelectric power plants in Norway is determined by natural conditions, policies, attitudes and property rights. The owner of the river is the central decision maker. It is he/she who decides whether he/she will develop the power plant himself/herself, whether he/he wants to enter into a contract with an external investor and let him/her develop the power plant, whether he/she will sell his/her property rights or postpone the decisions. All available choices will involve risk. In order for him/her to make the best choice, he/she must find the certainty equivalent to each of the choices and choose the one with the highest certainty equivalent. To find the certainty equivalent, we use the utility theory of John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern. The owner of the river makes the decision that gives him/her the greatest utility when both economic and non-economic effects are assessed within the opportunity set made by the local and the central authorities. View Full-Text
Keywords: small-scale hydroelectric power; Neumann-Morgenstern utility theory; environmental effects of hydro power; hydropower and risk small-scale hydroelectric power; Neumann-Morgenstern utility theory; environmental effects of hydro power; hydropower and risk
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Idsø, J. Small Scale Hydroelectric Power Plants in Norway. Some Microeconomic and Environmental Considerations. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1117.

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