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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 764; doi:10.3390/su9050764

The Impact of Institutional Pressures on Green Supply Chain Management and Firm Performance: Top Management Roles and Social Capital

1
Graduate School of Business, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
School of Business, State University of New York at Geneseo, 1 College Circle, Geneseo, NY 14454, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Ioppolo
Received: 28 February 2017 / Revised: 1 May 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2017 / Published: 6 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

This study investigates the impact of three institutional pressures, namely government, customer, and competitor pressures, on the environmental and operational performance of firms. These three institutional pressures are examined by implementing green supply chain management, considering the role of top management and studying social capital between buyers and suppliers in the supply chain. Data were collected through an electronic mail survey from buyer firms in the manufacturing industry in Korea. With 241 complete and usable responses, we used structural equation modeling to test our hypotheses. Our findings revealed that the majority of our hypotheses were supported, which is in line with the existing literature. However, the impact of coercive pressure on top management support and the impact of structural social capital on performance were found to be insignificant. The major contribution of our study is that it broadens the framework of green supply chain management (GSCM) by integrating major and recent constructs in the GSCM theory, while also providing instructive managerial implications through empirical evidence. View Full-Text
Keywords: institutional pressures; green supply chain management; firm performance; top management role; social capital institutional pressures; green supply chain management; firm performance; top management role; social capital
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Chu, S.H.; Yang, H.; Lee, M.; Park, S. The Impact of Institutional Pressures on Green Supply Chain Management and Firm Performance: Top Management Roles and Social Capital. Sustainability 2017, 9, 764.

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