Next Article in Journal
An Environmental Perspective on Clothing Consumption: Consumer Segments and Their Behavioral Patterns
Previous Article in Journal
The Impact of Institutional Pressures on Green Supply Chain Management and Firm Performance: Top Management Roles and Social Capital
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 766; doi:10.3390/su9050766

Monitoring Spatial Patterns and Changes of Ecology, Production, and Living Land in Chinese Urban Agglomerations: 35 Years after Reform and Opening Up, Where, How and Why?

1,2
,
1,2,* , 1,2
,
1,2
and
1,2
1
College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
2
Key Laboratory of Resource Environment and GIS of Beijing, Beijing 100048, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 4 April 2017 / Revised: 30 April 2017 / Accepted: 3 May 2017 / Published: 6 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3814 KB, uploaded 8 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Chinese urban agglomeration (UA) has gradually become a new world economic center and the strategic region of the “The Belt and Road Initiatives”. The spatial patterns and variations of ecology–production–living land (EPL) profoundly affect UA’s development and its ecological environment. Unfortunately, scientific understanding about the trajectories, patterns and drivers of EPL changes in Chinese urban agglomerations (UAs) since reform and opening up is still very limited. The aim of this paper was to monitor those characteristics during the last 35 years. Here, we proposed a new classification system of EPL, including ecology land (EL), industrial production land (IPL), agricultural production land (APL), urban living land (ULL) and rural living land (RLL) due to Chinese urban–rural dual structure. Then, we extracted EPL land from the Chinese LUCC product, which is the recently released remote sensing data product of high resolution spatial land use data in China at national level. Furthermore, we analyzed the spatial-temporal trajectories and driving factors of EPL for Chinese UAs during 1980–2015. The results showed that: (1) ULL and IPL in Chinese UAs were increased rapidly, while EL and APL were seriously decreased. (2) The growth patterns of ULL and IPL had shown a spatial heterogeneity. As to different regional UAs, the expansion rates of ULL and IPL ranked from high to low were as follows: eastern, central, western, and northeastern UAs. (3) National policies, population, and economy dominated the spatial-temporal changes of EPL in Chinese UAs. (4) The multi-planning integration in the structure of land use should be strengthened at UA-scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban agglomeration; ecology–production–living land; multi-planning integration; Chinese remotely-sensed LUCC product urban agglomeration; ecology–production–living land; multi-planning integration; Chinese remotely-sensed LUCC product
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, S.; Hu, D.; Zhao, W.; Mo, Y.; Chen, S. Monitoring Spatial Patterns and Changes of Ecology, Production, and Living Land in Chinese Urban Agglomerations: 35 Years after Reform and Opening Up, Where, How and Why? Sustainability 2017, 9, 766.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top