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Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 742; doi:10.3390/su9050742

Establishment of the Sustainable Ecosystem for the Regional Shipping Industry Based on System Dynamics

1,2,3,* and 1,2,3
School of Navigation, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China
Hubei Key Laboratory of Inland Shipping Technology, Wuhan 430063, Hubei, China
National Engineering Research Center for Water Transport Safety, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yichun Xie, Xinyue Ye and Clio Andris
Received: 17 December 2016 / Revised: 26 April 2017 / Accepted: 27 April 2017 / Published: 4 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Ecosystems and Society in the Context of Big and New Data)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3797 KB, uploaded 4 May 2017]   |  


The rapid development of the shipping industry has brought great economic benefits but at a great environmental cost; exhaust emissions originating from ships are increasing, causing serious atmospheric pollution. Hence, the mitigation of ship exhaust emissions and the establishment of the sustainable ecosystem have become urgent tasks, which will require complicated and comprehensive systematic approaches to solve. We address this problem by establishing a System Dynamics (SD) model to help mitigate regional ship exhaust emissions without restricting economic growth and promote the development of the sustainable ecosystem. Factors correlated with ship exhaust emissions are identified, and a causal loop diagram is drawn to describe the complicated interrelations among the correlated factors. Then, a stock-and-flow diagram is designed and variable equations and parameter values are determined to quantitatively describe the dynamic relations among different elements. After verifying the effectiveness of the model, different scenarios for the sustainable development in the study area were set by changing the values of the controlling variables. The variation trends of the exhaust emissions and economic benefits for Qingdao port under different scenarios were predicted for the years 2015–2025. By comparing the simulation results, the effects of different sustainable development measures were analyzed, providing a reference for the promotion of the harmonious development of the regional environment and economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: ship exhaust emissions; regional economic income; sustainable ecosystem; System Dynamics; scenario simulation ship exhaust emissions; regional economic income; sustainable ecosystem; System Dynamics; scenario simulation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Geng, X.; Wen, Y.; Zhou, C.; Xiao, C. Establishment of the Sustainable Ecosystem for the Regional Shipping Industry Based on System Dynamics. Sustainability 2017, 9, 742.

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