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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 560; doi:10.3390/su9040560

The Impact of Green Open Space on Community Attachment—A Case Study of Three Communities in Beijing

Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 26 January 2017 / Revised: 2 April 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017
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Abstract

With the development of urbanization in China, the quality of urban life and community attachment have attracted increasing attention of the governments and society. Existing research on community attachment has mainly examined how individual characteristics affect community attachment, such as their length of residence and socioeconomic status. However, some scholars have become interested in exploring the effects of green open space on community attachment. This research examined whether the distribution of green open space in communities had significant effects on community attachment, and both the impact and path were also investigated. Through a questionnaire survey, relevant data in three communities of Beijing were collected. The impact of green open space layout on community attachment was evaluated by using hierarchical regression, and the impact path was examined by using a structural equation model. The results showed that green open space in a community had significant effects on the community attachment, with centralized green open space layout having a greater effect than that of dispersed green open space. Moreover, the more complex the shape of green open space is, the greater the impact is. The degree of satisfaction with the green open space had direct effects on the community attachment. The accessibility and perceived area of green open space could indirectly have an impact on the community attachment by affecting the degree of satisfaction with the green open space. Nevertheless, residents’ perceived importance of green open space could affect the community attachment directly and indirectly, as it affects the degree of satisfaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: community attachment; community green open space; shape index; structural equation model community attachment; community green open space; shape index; structural equation model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, Y.; Ding, J.; Zhu, Q.; Cheng, Y.; Ma, Q.; Ji, X. The Impact of Green Open Space on Community Attachment—A Case Study of Three Communities in Beijing. Sustainability 2017, 9, 560.

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