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Sustainability 2017, 9(4), 488; doi:10.3390/su9040488

Estimates of Economic Loss of Materials Caused by Acid Deposition in China

1
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
China National Environmental Monitoring Center, Beijing 100012, China
3
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mark Rosenberg
Received: 19 December 2016 / Revised: 19 March 2017 / Accepted: 21 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
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Abstract

China is facing severe acid deposition. Acid deposition can cause economic loss, corrosion, and damage to materials, and the reduction of material life span. In this study, the administrative areas (including municipalities, prefecture-level cities, regions, autonomous prefectures, and leagues—hereinafter referred to the cities) at and above the prefecture level were selected as research areas. Monitoring results of acid precipitation and ambient air sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the China National Environmental Monitoring Network were used, research findings available domestically and abroad were summarized, and a set of material exposure inventory per capita was established, based on urban and rural areas in Eastern, Central, and Western China regions. Losses of construction materials caused by acid deposition in the cities were assessed by using the said materials’ acid rain exposure response functions available. The results showed that, material loss caused by acid deposition in China was 32.165 billion yuan (RMB, similarly hereinafter) in 2013, accounting for 0.057% of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and 3.4% of the total investment for environmental pollution governance this year. View Full-Text
Keywords: materials damage; economic loss evaluation; material exposure inventory; China; acid rain; SO2 materials damage; economic loss evaluation; material exposure inventory; China; acid rain; SO2
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Zhang, Y.; Li, Q.; Zhang, F.; Xie, G. Estimates of Economic Loss of Materials Caused by Acid Deposition in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 488.

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