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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 429; doi:10.3390/su9030429

Are Chinese Green Transport Policies Effective? A New Perspective from Direct Pollution Rebound Effect, and Empirical Evidence From the Road Transport Sector

1
and
2,3,4,*
1
College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China;
2
School of Economics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
3
Institute of Resource, Environment and Sustainable Development Research, Jinan University,Guangzhou 510632, China
4
School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology,Nanjing 210044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2016 / Revised: 2 March 2017 / Accepted: 11 March 2017 / Published: 15 March 2017
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Abstract

Air pollution has become a serious challenge in China. Emissions from motor vehicles have been found to be one main sources of air pollution. Although the Chinese government has undertaken numerous green policies to mitigate harmful emissions from road transport sector, it is still uncertain for both policy makers and researchers to know whether the policies are effective in the short and long terms. We propose a new concept of “pollution rebound effect” (PRE) to estimate the effectiveness of green traffic policies. We estimate direct air PRE as a measure of the effectiveness of the policies of reducing air pollution from the transport sector based on time-series data from the period 1986–2014. We find that the short-term direct air PRE is −0.4105, and the corresponding long-run PRE is −0.246. The negative results indicate that the direct air PRE does not exist in the road passenger transport sector in China, both in the short term and in the long term during the period 1986–2014. This implies that the Chinese green transport policies are effective in terms of harmful emissions reduction in the transport sector. This research, to the best of our knowledge, is the first attempt to quantify the effectiveness of the green transport policies in the transitional period that China is currently undergoing. View Full-Text
Keywords: direct rebound effect; air pollution; road passenger transport; policy effectiveness direct rebound effect; air pollution; road passenger transport; policy effectiveness
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Qiu, L.-Y.; He, L.-Y. Are Chinese Green Transport Policies Effective? A New Perspective from Direct Pollution Rebound Effect, and Empirical Evidence From the Road Transport Sector. Sustainability 2017, 9, 429.

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