Next Article in Journal
Compromise between Short- and Long-Term Financial Sustainability: A Hybrid Model for Supporting R&D Decisions
Previous Article in Journal
Low Carbon-Oriented Optimal Reliability Design with Interval Product Failure Analysis and Grey Correlation Analysis
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 374; doi:10.3390/su9030374

Forest Fragmentation and Driving Forces in Yingkou, Northeastern China

1
School of Resource and Environment Sciences, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial Information Technology, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Key Laboratory of Watershed Ecology and Geographical Environment Monitoring, National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation, Nanchang 330013, China
4
School of Geomatics, East China University of Technology, 418 Guanglan Road, Nanchang 330013, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 24 November 2016 / Revised: 21 February 2017 / Accepted: 28 February 2017 / Published: 4 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8511 KB, uploaded 4 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Forest fragmentation, the process of changing original large and intact forest patches into smaller and isolated areas, significantly influences the balance of surface physical environment, biodiversity, and species richness. Sufficient knowledge of forest fragmentation is necessary to maintain ecological balance and promote sustainable resource utilization. This study combines remote sensing, geographical information systems, and landscape metrics to assess forest fragmentation at landscape and pixel levels during different time periods (2000–2005, 2005–2010, and 2010–2015) in the Yingkou region. Spatial statistical analysis is also used to analyze the relationship between forest landscape fragmentation and its determinants (e.g., natural factors, socioeconomic factors, and proximity factors). Results show that forest patches became smaller, subdivided, and isolated during 2010–2015 at the total landscape level. Local changes occurred in the southwest of the study region or around the development area. Our data also indicate that shrinkage and subdivision were the main forest fragmentation processes during three times, and attrition became the main forest fragmentation process from 2010 to 2015. These changes were significantly influenced by natural factors (e.g., elevation and slope), proximity factors (e.g., distance to city and distance to province roads), and socioeconomic factors (e.g., gross domestic product). Results presented in this study provide valuable insights into the pattern and processes of forest fragmentation and present direct implications for the protection and reasonable utilization of forest resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: land-use change; forest fragmentation; driving forces; forest protection land-use change; forest fragmentation; driving forces; forest protection
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Liu, Y.; Wei, X. Forest Fragmentation and Driving Forces in Yingkou, Northeastern China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 374.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top