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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 222; doi:10.3390/su9020222

Manufacturers’ Closed-Loop Orientation for Green Supply Chain Management

1
School of Business, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, No. 2, North Baiyun Avenue, Baiyun District, Guangzhou 510420, China
2
Graduate School of Logistics, Inha University, 100 Inha Road, Nam-gu, Incheon 22212, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 26 August 2016 / Revised: 26 January 2017 / Accepted: 30 January 2017 / Published: 7 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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Abstract

The concept of green supply chain management (GSCM) is still in its infancy and has been implemented only to a limited extent. Strategic orientation is an important factor affecting its implementation. No reliable and valid strategic orientation construct has been developed for greening a supply chain. This study proposes closed-loop orientation (CLO) as the appropriate strategic orientation to implement GSCM practices successfully and develops a valid measurement of CLO. Data collected from 296 Chinese manufacturers were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method to examine the relationships among CLO, GSCM practice and environmental and economic performance. The results show that both CLO and GSCM have positive effects on the environmental performance and economic performance and that CLO positively impacts the level of implementation of GSCM. The results also show that GSCM completely mediates the relationships between CLO and environmental and economic performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: closed-loop orientation; green supply chain management; closed-loop; strategic orientation; environmental performance; economic performance closed-loop orientation; green supply chain management; closed-loop; strategic orientation; environmental performance; economic performance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, S.; Chang, Y.-T. Manufacturers’ Closed-Loop Orientation for Green Supply Chain Management. Sustainability 2017, 9, 222.

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