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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 215; doi:10.3390/su9020215

A Decision Support System for Plant Optimization in Urban Areas with Diversified Solar Radiation

1
Geodesign Research Centre for Plant, Environment and Human, College of City Construction, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
2
Research Institute for Smart Cities, School of Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
3
School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Deal
Received: 7 December 2016 / Revised: 18 January 2017 / Accepted: 24 January 2017 / Published: 6 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Sustainability and Planning Support Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7352 KB, uploaded 6 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Sunshine is an important factor which limits the choice of urban plant species, especially in environments with high-density buildings. In practice, plant selection and configuration is a key step of landscape architecture, which has relied on an experience-based qualitative approach. However, the rationality and efficiency of this need to be improved. To maintain the diversity of plant species and to ensure their ecological adaptability (solar radiation) in the context of sustainable development, we developed the Urban Plants Decision Support System (UP-DSS) for assisting plant selection in urban areas with diversified solar radiation. Our methodology mainly consists of the solar radiation model and calibration, the urban plant database, and information retrieval model. The structure of UP-DSS is also presented at the end of the methodology section, which is based on the platform of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Microsoft Excel. An application of UP-DSS is demonstrated in a residential area of Wuhan, China. The results show that UP-DSS can provide a very scientific and stable tool for the adaptive planning of shade-tolerant plants and photoperiod-sensitive plants, meanwhile, it also provides a specific plant species and the appropriate types of plant community for user decision-making according to different sunshine radiation conditions and the designer’s preferences. View Full-Text
Keywords: Decision Support Systems (DSS); solar radiation; Geographic Information Systems (GIS); urban plants; adaptive planning; plant database Decision Support Systems (DSS); solar radiation; Geographic Information Systems (GIS); urban plants; adaptive planning; plant database
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wei, H.; Huang, Z.; Lin, M. A Decision Support System for Plant Optimization in Urban Areas with Diversified Solar Radiation. Sustainability 2017, 9, 215.

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