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Sustainability 2017, 9(3), 346; doi:10.3390/su9030346

Accessibility of Water-Related Cultural Ecosystem Services through Public Transport—A Model for Planning Support in the Stockholm Region

1
Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marc A. Rosen and Brian Deal
Received: 22 December 2016 / Revised: 1 February 2017 / Accepted: 16 February 2017 / Published: 26 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Sustainability and Planning Support Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3765 KB, uploaded 27 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Planning for sustainable cities involves supporting compact, energy-efficient urban form as well as maintaining attractive and liveable urban landscapes. Attractive cities depend highly on services provided by ecosystems, especially cultural ecosystem services (ES), which give direct benefits to urban citizens. Therefore, access to a diversity of urban functions and publicly available ES by walking and public transport should be considered when planning for sustainable cities. This could be facilitated by user-friendly planning support models. The aim of this study was to develop a GIS-based model for assessing accessibility to ES, more specifically, water-related cultural ecosystem services (WCES), via walking and public transport, with input from stakeholders. The model was applied to the Stockholm region in Sweden. Travel times and census data were used to derive measures and maps of accessibility to prioritised WCES in the region, today and in urbanisation scenarios for 2050. The results showed how access to WCES varied spatially within the region. The number of potential visitors to different WCES sites now and in the future urbanisation scenarios was estimated, and areas in need for future development of the public transport system as well as WCES were identified. The GIS-based accessibility model has potential to be used as planning support in urban planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: network analysis; travel time model; walkable cities; public access; liveable urban landscapes; sustainable cities; decision support network analysis; travel time model; walkable cities; public access; liveable urban landscapes; sustainable cities; decision support
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kalantari, Z.; Khoshkar, S.; Falk, H.; Cvetkovic, V.; Mörtberg, U. Accessibility of Water-Related Cultural Ecosystem Services through Public Transport—A Model for Planning Support in the Stockholm Region. Sustainability 2017, 9, 346.

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