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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2003; doi:10.3390/su9112003

Mapping the Lisbon Potential Foodshed in Ribatejo e Oeste: A Suitability and Yield Model for Assessing the Potential for Localized Food Production

1
Landscape Architecture, Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-018 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Environment and Energy, MARETEC, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Agrometeorology, Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), Instituto Superior de Agronomia, University of Lisbon, 1349-018 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 28 September 2017 / Accepted: 3 October 2017 / Published: 1 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue City Region Foodscapes)
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Abstract

Research on food planning has been recently proposed in North American and European planning to account for how cities might change their food provision to respond to the rising demands for a more sustainable and ethical food system. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the agro-ecological potential of the Lisbon city region, Ribatejo e Oeste, to increase its Regional Food Self-Reliance (RFSR), through adopting demand restraint and food system relocalization approaches to food system sustainability. Three new diet scenarios were considered: meat-based, plant-based and strict vegetarian, defined in accordance with healthy dietary patterns. We used agro-climatic and agro-edaphic agricultural suitability models to evaluate the agro-ecological potential for RFSR, and proposed the use of Foodshed Landscape Plans within a landscape planning methodology. Results showed the extent of local food production that could improve food self-reliance, with 72%, 76%, 84% of total food needs in the meat-based, plant-based, and strict vegetarian scenarios, respectively. Thus, food system transformation by means of relocalization, is therefore ecologically feasible and would ensure the sustainable use of the ecological basis of food security. Additionally, a dietary transition would imply significant land sparing, which strengthens the demand restraint perspective for a transition to food system sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: territorial food systems; food planning; resilience; relocalization; foodsheds; landscape planning; GIS mapping territorial food systems; food planning; resilience; relocalization; foodsheds; landscape planning; GIS mapping
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cardoso, A.S.; Domingos, T.; de Magalhães, M.R.; de Melo-Abreu, J.; Palma, J. Mapping the Lisbon Potential Foodshed in Ribatejo e Oeste: A Suitability and Yield Model for Assessing the Potential for Localized Food Production. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2003.

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