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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2000; doi:10.3390/su9112000

Drivers of Labor-Related Indicators across Diverse Mediterranean Fisheries

1
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences, University of Thessaly, Fytoko Street, 38445 Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece
3
NISEA Fisheries and Aquaculture Economic Research, via Irno 11, 84135 Salerno, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 9 October 2017 / Accepted: 29 October 2017 / Published: 1 November 2017
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Abstract

This regional case study is focused on employment, remuneration and labor productivity, with a particular emphasis on the interplay between labor productivity and other labor-related indicators and macroeconomic conditions in Italy, Egypt, Lebanon and Greece. Its value lies in the high degree of consistency and comparability of the data, owing to a shared data collection methodology. This has allowed for the compilation of both national and regional comparisons. The data is treated in two groups—the first group consists of national data that considers all the active vessels in a country; the second group focuses on the trawl segments of Italy and Egypt. These two countries present an interesting case study because they are so different in terms of labor productivity and remuneration performance. For instance, in Italy labor shortages have caused a shift in fishing strategies towards less labor-intensive operations to maintain the socioeconomic sustainability of the fisheries, while in Egypt macroeconomic conditions have resulted in a larger labor pool and strong incentives to work in the fisheries sector. The regional study demonstrates that labor-related indicators are interconnected and there is an inversely proportional relationship between labor productivity and remuneration and employment levels. This relationship necessitates a combined analysis. The results across and between the countries were compared, with particular attention given to labor productivity and remuneration in the respective countries with a discussion centred around the potential drivers of labor productivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fisheries economics; socioeconomic indicators; labor productivity; employment; remuneration Fisheries economics; socioeconomic indicators; labor productivity; employment; remuneration
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Gee, J.; Pinello, D.; Polymeros, K. Drivers of Labor-Related Indicators across Diverse Mediterranean Fisheries. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2000.

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