Next Article in Journal
Characteristics of Suspended Sediment Loadings under Asian Summer Monsoon Climate Using the Hydrological Simulation Program-FORTRAN
Next Article in Special Issue
Quantifying a Financially Sustainable Strategy of Public Transport: Private Capital Investment Considering Passenger Value
Previous Article in Journal
Food Waste Drivers in Europe, from Identification to Possible Interventions
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Fourth Wave of Digitalization and Public Transport: Opportunities and Challenges
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2017, 9(1), 43; doi:10.3390/su9010043

Sustainability Measures of Urban Public Transport in Cities: A World Review and Focus on the Asia/Middle East Region

1
Public Transport Research Group, Institute of Transport Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, 23 College Walk, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
2
Institute of Transport Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, 23 College Walk, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wijnand Veeneman and Eefje Cuppen
Received: 6 September 2016 / Revised: 15 December 2016 / Accepted: 26 December 2016 / Published: 28 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [645 KB, uploaded 28 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Previous studies of public transport sustainability in cities have been very limited to date, particularly in more developing countries located throughout Asia and the Middle East. This paper assesses the sustainability of urban public transport systems in cities by adopting a quantitative measurement framework containing 15 public transport sustainability indicators. It compares aggregate sustainability performance of urban public transport in international regions of cities, and then examines the relative sustainability of selected cities in the Asia and Middle East region. The world region analysis shows that Eastern Europe, Asia, and Latin America achieve the highest aggregate normalised scores for sustainable public transport, in that order. In general, the results suggest that western developed countries (Western Europe, North America, and Oceania) have better performance on environmental and social indicators but poorer performance on system effectiveness and economic indicators. Asia and Latin America perform the other way round; better on economic and system effectiveness and worse on social and environmental indicators. Eastern Europe is one of the few regions with higher level performance all round. The city-based analysis of Asia/Middle East suggested that out of the 26 cities studied, the top 3 cities in terms of sustainable public transport in the Asia and Middle East Region are: 1st, Manila (Philippines); 2nd, Tokyo (Japan); and 3rd, Chennai (India). Dubai (United Arab Emirates (UAE), rated 26th), Shizuoka (Japan, rated 25th) and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia, rated 24th) were the lowest rated cities. The paper explores the implications of the findings and makes suggestions for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: public transport; transit; sustainability; Asia; Middle East; world review; cities public transport; transit; sustainability; Asia; Middle East; world review; cities
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

De Gruyter, C.; Currie, G.; Rose, G. Sustainability Measures of Urban Public Transport in Cities: A World Review and Focus on the Asia/Middle East Region. Sustainability 2017, 9, 43.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top