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Sustainability 2017, 9(2), 269; doi:10.3390/su9020269

Quantifying a Financially Sustainable Strategy of Public Transport: Private Capital Investment Considering Passenger Value

1
College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2
Beijing Collaborative Innovation Center for Metropolitan Transportation, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
3
ART-Engines Transportation Research Lab, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45220, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 27 October 2016 / Revised: 4 January 2017 / Accepted: 18 January 2017 / Published: 15 February 2017
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Abstract

Releaving traffic congestion by developing public transport as an alternative mode of travel is a common practice all over the world. However, the increasing public transport subsidies have created a financial burden for governments. Encouragingly, private capital supplies an opportunity for public transport in sustainable finance. Previous research mainly focuses on qualitative analysis and money-for-value (MFV) analysis. In this paper, a new investment model is proposed based on the concept ‘passenger value’, and a bi-level programming model (BLPM) is constructed as a quantitative analysis tool. The upper target of BLPM is the total surplus (including the value of time (VOT) of passengers) of the public transport system and the upper constraint is the ticket price. The lower target of BLPM is passenger’s surplus, the lower constraints are service capability and the lowest return rate of the private sector. The public transport of Jinan City, China is taken as a case to quantify the impacts of private capital investment in public transport. Results show that the proposed investment model considering passenger value is superior to the traditional one, and effective private capital investment could increase the total societal benefit of the transportation system. The proposed investment strategy satisfies economic viability and is a financially sustainability strategy. Additionally, travelers should be encouraged to use public transport through improving the service quality and passenger returns. Only in this way can the success rate of the private sector investment in public transport be improved efficiently. View Full-Text
Keywords: public transport; financial sustainability; passenger value; public-private partnerships; bi-level programming; travel mode choice public transport; financial sustainability; passenger value; public-private partnerships; bi-level programming; travel mode choice
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: doi.org/10.1155/2015/498121
    Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/498121
    Description: Bilevel Programming Model of Private Capital Investment in Urban Public Transportation: Case Study of Jinan City

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Xue, Y.; Guan, H.; Corey, J.; Wei, H.; Yan, H. Quantifying a Financially Sustainable Strategy of Public Transport: Private Capital Investment Considering Passenger Value. Sustainability 2017, 9, 269.

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