Next Article in Journal
Too Much Is as Bad as Too Little? Sources of the Intention-Achievement Gap in Sustainable Innovation
Next Article in Special Issue
An Interpretive Framework for Assessing and Monitoring the Sustainability of School Gardens
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable Cultural Tourism in Urban Destinations: Does Space Matter?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Integrated Multi-Trophic Recirculating Aquaculture System for Nile Tilapia (Oreochlomis niloticus)
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2016, 8(8), 704; doi:10.3390/su8080704

Conventional, Partially Converted and Environmentally Friendly Farming in South Korea: Profitability and Factors Affecting Farmers’ Choice

1
Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Geosciences, University of Bayreuth, BayCEER, Bayreuth 95440, Germany
2
Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Leibniz University of Hannover, Hannover 30167, Germany
3
Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Kangwon National University, 1 Kangwondaehak-gil, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do 24341, Republic of Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sean Clark
Received: 30 May 2016 / Revised: 13 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 25 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture–Beyond Organic Farming)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2194 KB, uploaded 28 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

While organic farming is well established in Europe a nd USA, it is still catching up in Asian countries. The government of South Korea has implemented environmentally friendly farming that encompasses organic farming. Despite the promotion of environmentally friendly farming, it still has a low share in South Korea and partially converted farming has emerged in some districts of South Korea. However, the partially converted farming has not yet been investigated by the government. Thus, our study implemented a financial analysis to compare the annual costs and net returns of conventional, partially converted and environmentally friendly farming in Gangwon Province. The result showed that environmentally friendly farming was more profitable with respect to farm net returns. To find out the factors affecting the adoption of environmentally friendly farming, multinomial logistic regression was implemented. The findings revealed that education and subsidy positively and significantly influenced the probability of farmers’ choice on partially converted and environmentally friendly farming. Farm size had a negative and significant relationship with only environmentally friendly farming. This study will contribute to future policy establishment for sustainable agriculture as recommended by improving the quality of fertilizers, suggesting the additional investigation associated with partially converted farmers. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmentally friendly farming; partial conversion; economic benefits; decision-making environmentally friendly farming; partial conversion; economic benefits; decision-making
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.; Nguyen, T.T.; Poppenborg, P.; Shin, H.-J.; Koellner, T. Conventional, Partially Converted and Environmentally Friendly Farming in South Korea: Profitability and Factors Affecting Farmers’ Choice. Sustainability 2016, 8, 704.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top