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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 526; doi:10.3390/su8060526

Energy Efficient Networks for Monitoring Water Quality in Subterranean Rivers

Department of Computer Science, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
School of Computer, China University of Geoscience, Wuhan 430074, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 13 April 2016 / Revised: 27 May 2016 / Accepted: 27 May 2016 / Published: 31 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [341 KB, uploaded 31 May 2016]   |  


The fresh water in rivers beneath the Earth’s surface is as significant to humans as that on the surface. However, the water quality is difficult to monitor due to its unapproachable nature. In this work, we consider building networks to monitor water quality in subterranean rivers. The network node is designed to have limited functions of floating and staying in these rivers when necessary. We provide the necessary conditions to set up such networks and a topology building method, as well as the communication process between nodes. Furthermore, we provide every an node’s energy consumption model in the network building stage, the data acquiring and transmission stage. The numerical results show that the energy consumption in every node is different, and the node number should be moderate to ensure energy efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: subterranean rivers; sensor networks; water quality monitoring; energy efficiency subterranean rivers; sensor networks; water quality monitoring; energy efficiency

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ge, F.; Wang, Y. Energy Efficient Networks for Monitoring Water Quality in Subterranean Rivers. Sustainability 2016, 8, 526.

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