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Sustainability 2016, 8(6), 519; doi:10.3390/su8060519

Earth Observation for Maritime Spatial Planning: Measuring, Observing and Modeling Marine Environment to Assess Potential Aquaculture Sites

1
ISPRA—Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, via Vitaliano Brancati 48, 00144 Rome, Italy
2
IUSS—University Institute for Advanced Study, Palazzo del Broletto, Piazza della Vittoria n.15, 27100 Pavia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Phoebe Koundouri and Marc A. Rosen
Received: 15 December 2015 / Revised: 6 May 2016 / Accepted: 23 May 2016 / Published: 28 May 2016
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Abstract

Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of seawaters are primary descriptors for understanding environmental patterns and improving maritime spatial planning for potential aquaculture uses. By analyzing these descriptors in spatial and temporal dimensions, it is possible to characterize the potential productivity performances of different locations for specific aquaculture species. We developed a toolbox that, starting from the actual competing uses of the maritime space, aims at: (a) identifying sites with conditions feasible for aquaculture fish growth (feasibility scenario); and (b) assessing their different productivity performances in terms of potential fish harvest (suitability scenario). The toolbox is being designed in the Mediterranean, northern Adriatic Sea, but because of its modularity/multi-stage process, it can be easily adapted to other areas, or scaled to larger areas. The toolbox, representing a pre-operational Copernicus downstreaming service that integrates data and products from different sources (in situ, Earth Observation and modeling), is innovative because it is based more on parameters relevant for fish vitality than on those oriented to farm functioning. Stakeholders and farmers involved in the maritime spatial planning can use resulting scenarios for decision-making and market-trading processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: maritime spatial planning; aquaculture; Earth Observation; sea surface temperature; Copernicus downstream maritime spatial planning; aquaculture; Earth Observation; sea surface temperature; Copernicus downstream
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Valentini, E.; Filipponi, F.; Nguyen Xuan, A.; Passarelli, F.M.; Taramelli, A. Earth Observation for Maritime Spatial Planning: Measuring, Observing and Modeling Marine Environment to Assess Potential Aquaculture Sites. Sustainability 2016, 8, 519.

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