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Sustainability 2016, 8(10), 1006; doi:10.3390/su8101006

Methodological Approach for the Sustainability Assessment of Development Cooperation Projects for Built Innovations Based on the SDGs and Life Cycle Thinking

1
Global Change Ecology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth 95447, Germany
2
Department of Life Cycle Engineering, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart 70563, Germany
3
Institute for Latin American Studies, History of Transfer of Knowledge, FU Berlin, Berlin 14197, Germany
4
Energising Development (EnDev), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
5
Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Leibniz University Hannover, Hannover 30167, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marko Keskinen, Minna Halme and Olli Varis
Received: 4 July 2016 / Revised: 7 September 2016 / Accepted: 28 September 2016 / Published: 10 October 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1981 KB, uploaded 10 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper describes a methodological approach for a sustainability assessment of development cooperation projects. Between the scientific disciplines there is no agreement on the term of “sustainability”. Whereas the definition of sustainability within the context of development cooperation frequently highlights the long-term success of an intervention, the United Nations herald the inclusion of social, economic and environmental aspects. This paper proposes to bridge this gap by providing an analytical framework that uses nine impact category groups based on thematic priorities of sustainable development derived from the Sustainable Development Goals. Additionally, the long-term effectiveness of a project is taken into consideration. These impact category groups comprise the analytical framework, which is investigated by the Life Cycle Assessment and an indicator-based analysis. These data are obtained through empirical social research and the LCA inventory. The underlying concept is based on life cycle thinking. Taking up a multi-cycle model this study establishes two life cycles: first, the project management life cycle; and, second, the life cycle of a project’s innovation. The innovation’s life cycle is identified to have the greatest impact on the target region and the local people and is consequently of primary interest. This methodological approach enables an ex-post sustainability assessment of a built innovation of a development cooperation project and is tested on a case study on Improved Cooking Stoves in Bangladesh. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; sustainability; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); development cooperation; life cycle thinking; life cycle assessment sustainable development; sustainability; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); development cooperation; life cycle thinking; life cycle assessment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Maier, S.D.; Beck, T.; Francisco Vallejo, J.; Horn, R.; Söhlemann, J.-H.; Nguyen, T.T. Methodological Approach for the Sustainability Assessment of Development Cooperation Projects for Built Innovations Based on the SDGs and Life Cycle Thinking. Sustainability 2016, 8, 1006.

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