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Sustainability 2016, 8(1), 45; doi:10.3390/su8010045

Multi-Layered Capital Subsidy Policy for the PV Industry in China Considering Regional Differences

1,* , 1,†
,
1,†
and
2
1
School of Management and Economics, Tianjin University, 92, Wejin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300072, China
2
School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yongrok Choi, Malin Song and Seunghwan Myeong
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 29 December 2015 / Accepted: 30 December 2015 / Published: 5 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1485 KB, uploaded 5 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

As a country with huge energy consumption, China has been paying more and more attention to green growth in recent years. Several subsidy policies have been conducted to boost the photovoltaic (PV) industry so far. However, as a matter of fact, there are 31 provinces and municipalities (PM) in mainland China, and the economic condition, environmental resources and energy structure of each PM are all significantly different, which leads to a discrepancy of PV efficiency among regions. This paper proposes that the subsidies for the PV industry should be considered mainly from three aspects: the PM’s economic condition, energy efficiency and environmental responsibility. We built 19 evaluation indicators involving economic, environmental and energy factors, allocated weight to each indicator using the entropy weight method and sorted the 31 evaluation objects by TOPSIS (Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to the Ideal Solution) method. Additionally, through an empirical study, we obtained the subsidy proportion for each PM. The result could make much of a contribution to the green growth of different regions and to the whole country. View Full-Text
Keywords: PV industry; subsidy policy; regional difference; green growth PV industry; subsidy policy; regional difference; green growth
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, L.; Chi, T.; Zhang, M.; Wang, S. Multi-Layered Capital Subsidy Policy for the PV Industry in China Considering Regional Differences. Sustainability 2016, 8, 45.

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