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Sustainability 2016, 8(2), 121; doi:10.3390/su8020121

Regional Convergence and Sustainable Development in China

1,2
,
3
and
3,4,*
1
Collaborative Innovation Center for Peaceful Development of Cross-Strait Relations, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
2
School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
3
China Center for Energy Economics Research, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
4
Collaborative Innovation Center for Energy Economics and Energy Policy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yongrok Choi, Malin Song and Seunghwan Myeong
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 21 January 2016 / Published: 28 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [225 KB, uploaded 28 January 2016]

Abstract

Based on the convergence theory of economic growth, this paper extends this concept to the human development index and carries out an empirical analysis of regional development in China between 1997 and 2006. Our research shows that the conditional convergence has been identified. Investment in fixed assets, government expenditure on education, health and infrastructure construction have positive effects on regional convergence of social development. Population weighted analysis of human development index provides support for weak convergence amongst provinces. Analysis of dynamics of regional distribution reveals the club convergence, which indicate two different convergence states. Central China is in the shade and lags behind, giving rise to the so-called “central downfall”. To solve this problem, the “Rise of Central China” Plan is necessary to promote the connection between coastal and inland regions of China and reduce the regional development gap. View Full-Text
Keywords: social development; human development index; convergence; inequality social development; human development index; convergence; inequality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, F.; Pan, S.; Yao, X. Regional Convergence and Sustainable Development in China. Sustainability 2016, 8, 121.

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