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Sustainability 2015, 7(8), 11160-11189; doi:10.3390/su70811160

Exploring Gamification Techniques and Applications for Sustainable Tourism

Department of Hospitality Services, Faculty of Business, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, 7 Horea Street, 400174 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrei Jean Vasile, Popescu Catalin and Zaharia Marian
Received: 28 June 2015 / Accepted: 10 August 2015 / Published: 14 August 2015
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Abstract

Tourism is perceived as an appropriate solution for pursuing sustainable economic growth due to its main characteristics. In the context of sustainable tourism, gamification can act as an interface between tourists (clients), organisations (companies, NGOs, public institutions) and community, an interface built in a responsible and ethical way. The main objective of this study is to identify gamification techniques and applications used by organisations in the hospitality and tourism industry to improve their sustainable activities. The first part of the paper examines the relationship between gamification and sustainability, highlighting the links between these two concepts. The second part identifies success stories of gamification applied in hospitality and tourism and reviews gamification benefits by analysing the relationship between tourism organisations and three main tourism stakeholders: tourists, tourism employees and local community. The analysis is made in connection with the main pillars of sustainability: economic, social and environmental. This study is positioning the role of gamification in the tourism and hospitality industry and further, into the larger context of sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable tourism; gamification; hospitality; applications sustainable tourism; gamification; hospitality; applications
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Negruşa, A.L.; Toader, V.; Sofică, A.; Tutunea, M.F.; Rus, R.V. Exploring Gamification Techniques and Applications for Sustainable Tourism. Sustainability 2015, 7, 11160-11189.

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