Next Article in Journal
Empirical Study Utilizing QFD to Develop an International Marketing Strategy
Next Article in Special Issue
Sustaining a Korean Traditional Rural Landscape in the Context of Cultural Landscape
Previous Article in Journal
Integrated Bioenergy and Food Production—A German Survey on Structure and Developments of Anaerobic Digestion in Organic Farming Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Landscape Changes and a Salt Production Sustainable Approach in the State of Salt Pan Area Decreasing on the Coast of Tianjin, China
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2015, 7(8), 10733-10755; doi:10.3390/su70810733

Human-Environment System Boundaries: A Case Study of the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces as a World Heritage Cultural Landscape

1
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
School of Tourism and Geography, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650500, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 31 March 2015 / Revised: 30 July 2015 / Accepted: 31 July 2015 / Published: 7 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape and Sustainability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [981 KB, uploaded 7 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

Any World Heritage Cultural Landscape requires a clear boundary for administration. One of the administrative goals is sustainability. There is no widely identified way to demarcate the boundary of a World Heritage Cultural Landscape. This paper aims to explore a methodology framework to provide a holistic perspective for demarcating boundaries for a World Heritage Cultural Landscape. Honghe Hani Rice Terraces (HHRT) in Yunnan Province is a new World Heritage Cultural Landscape in China. We use it as a research area to illustrate the methodology framework. The framework of methodology is constructed based on four scales of a human-environment system identified by Anne Buttimer. It is used to describe the level of the sustainability of local economy, social organization, natural environment and people’s understanding of the human-environment. Four types of boundaries were investigated in this area. They are the boundary of Malizhai River Basin, the boundary of local water-allocation organization, the boundary of the economic network and the perceptual boundary of the human-environment system. With a comprehensive perspective, we integrated the four types of boundaries to judge the boundary of the core area of HHRT by three criteria, they are: Environmental sustainability, social justice, and the ability to create a new human-environment system. We conclude that some parts of the boundary of the core area of HHRT do not fit the criteria of sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: world heritage cultural landscape; boundary; human-environment system; Honghe Hani Rice Terraces world heritage cultural landscape; boundary; human-environment system; Honghe Hani Rice Terraces
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hua, H.; Zhou, S. Human-Environment System Boundaries: A Case Study of the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces as a World Heritage Cultural Landscape. Sustainability 2015, 7, 10733-10755.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top