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Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 8178-8204; doi:10.3390/su7078178

Sustainability Assessment in Wine-Grape Growing in the New World: Economic, Environmental, and Social Indicators for Agricultural Businesses

1
Inkwell Wines and Consulting, P.O. Box 404, McLaren Vale SA 5171, Australia
2
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, Private Mail Bag 1, Glen Osmond SA 5064, Australia
3
School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Adelaide, North Terrace Campus, 6.43 Ingkarni Wardli, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia
4
Adelaide Business School, University of Adelaide, 09.03 Nexus 10, Adelaide SA 5064, Australia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Douglas Constance
Received: 21 April 2015 / Revised: 2 June 2015 / Accepted: 11 June 2015 / Published: 25 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [324 KB, uploaded 25 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Indicators have been used in many sustainability assessment methods, however, disagreements over a common definition and scope for the sustainability concept have led to many distinct assessment methods, which are not often directly comparable. Before developing a sustainability assessment, it is essential to: define sustainability and specify the viewpoint of the assessor, the purpose of the assessment, and the context and time frame of the assessment. This article presents a short list of indicators and a method that can be readily adopted by any agricultural business or region to assess sustainability, making any organization, region or crop qualitatively comparable. These indicators were proposed by 83 top-level executives in 14 group interviews conducted using our adapted nominal group technique (ANGT). Executives were sourced from wine-grape growing organisations from New World wine-producing countries that also owned vineyards, and they considered everyday management practices of farms. These indicators, grouped within three categories (economic, environmental, and social) were ranked by their importance. The method defines qualitative indicators that, in the context of distinct wine regions or crops should be quantified to maintain their relevance and usefulness. View Full-Text
Keywords: indicator; sustainability; agriculture; wine grape; assessment; adapted nominal group technique; rank; evaluation; viticulture; triple bottom line indicator; sustainability; agriculture; wine grape; assessment; adapted nominal group technique; rank; evaluation; viticulture; triple bottom line
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Santiago-Brown, I.; Metcalfe, A.; Jerram, C.; Collins, C. Sustainability Assessment in Wine-Grape Growing in the New World: Economic, Environmental, and Social Indicators for Agricultural Businesses. Sustainability 2015, 7, 8178-8204.

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