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Sustainability 2015, 7(4), 4240-4259; doi:10.3390/su7044240

Sustainable Water Distribution Strategy with Smart Water Grid

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Incheon National University, Incheon 406-772, Korea
2
Department of Agricultural & Rural Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Chungbuk 362-763, Korea
3
University Nice Sophia Antipolis, Polytech Nice-Sophia, Sophia-Antipolis 06903, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 15 January 2015 / Revised: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 7 April 2015 / Published: 10 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Many problems that are encountered in regards to water balance and resources management are related to challenges of economic development under limited resources and tough competition among various water uses. The development of major infrastructure like airports in remote areas that have limited water resources is becoming a common problem. In order to overcome these difficulties, water management has to articulate and combine several resources in order to respond to various demands while preserving the ecological quality of the environment. The paper discusses the interest in implementing the Smart Water Grid concept on Yeongjongdo Island, which is the location of Korea’s main airport. This new concept is based on the connection of various water resources and their optimized management with new information technology solutions. The proposed system integrates water generated through rainfall, external water resources (i.e., metropolitan water distribution system), gray water and other types of alternative water resources. The paper analyses the feasibility of this approach and explores interest in the Smart Water Grid concept. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart water grid; water balance; water supply; water security; assessment; limited water resources; Yeongjongdo Island; competitive uses smart water grid; water balance; water supply; water security; assessment; limited water resources; Yeongjongdo Island; competitive uses
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Byeon, S.; Choi, G.; Maeng, S.; Gourbesville, P. Sustainable Water Distribution Strategy with Smart Water Grid. Sustainability 2015, 7, 4240-4259.

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