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Sustainability 2015, 7(3), 2716-2729; doi:10.3390/su7032716

Assessment of Eco-Environmental Stress in the Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone

1
Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1799 Jimei Road, Xiamen 361021, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Received: 24 December 2014 / Revised: 14 February 2015 / Accepted: 26 February 2015 / Published: 5 March 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3005 KB, uploaded 5 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

Eco-environmental stress refers to the pressure borne by the environment in sustaining the pre-existing non-industrialized state and/or in counteracting adverse impacts caused by natural and human factors. The present article introduces the concept, research progress, and method for assessing eco-environmental stress. An eco-environmental stress index (ESI) is established to assess the eco-environmental stress of 13 cities in the Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone (hereafter referred to as the Economic Zone) during the period from 2000 to 2010. The research provides a reference for the strategic planning of industrial development and environmental protection. The results show that the overall eco-environmental stress of the Economic Zone was slight and did not have significant change during the past 10 years. The cities with the most severe eco-environmental stress are distributed in the north and south of the Economic Zone. Most areas of Fujian Province have a low degree of eco-environmental stress, a situation that is being constantly improved. The regions with high atmospheric and water pollutant emissions are concentrated in the northern, middle, and southern coastal regions of the Economic Zone. The pollutant emissions of coastal cities are higher than those of inland cities. In the future, ecological restoration and compensation mechanisms should be established for regions where environmental protection and remediation is urgently needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental stress; eco-environmental stress; environmental assessment; environmental research; industrial development; Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone environmental stress; eco-environmental stress; environmental assessment; environmental research; industrial development; Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Shi, L.; Yang, S. Assessment of Eco-Environmental Stress in the Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone. Sustainability 2015, 7, 2716-2729.

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