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Sustainability 2015, 7(2), 1742-1773; doi:10.3390/su7021742

A Stepwise, Participatory Approach to Design and Implement Community Based Adaptation to Drought in the Peruvian Andes

1
Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Parsons Brinckerhoff, Level 27, 680 George Street, Sydney NSW 2001, Australia
3
Amsterdam University College, Science Park 113, 1098 XG Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 14 August 2014 / Accepted: 30 January 2015 / Published: 10 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4662 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

The livelihoods of people in the Andes are expected to be affected by climate change due to their dependence on glacier water. The observed decrease in glacier volume over the last few decades is likely to accelerate during the current century, which will affect water availability in the region. This paper presents an approach for participatory development of community-based adaptation measures to cope with the projected impacts of climate change. It combines in an innovative manner participatory design with physical measurements, modeling and a vulnerability analysis. Vulnerability to drought is made operational for households in a catchment of the Ocoña River basin in Peru. On the basis of a household survey (n = 94) we explore how a vulnerability index (risk divided by response efficacy) can be used to assess the distribution of vulnerability over households, and how socio-economic factors determine this vulnerability. Water entitlement, area of irrigated land, income and education are all significantly correlated with vulnerability to drought. The research showed that the main source of spring water is local rainwater, and that water use efficiency is low. The selected adaptation measures aimed to increase water availability close to farmland, and increase water use efficiency of farmers and households. View Full-Text
Keywords: vulnerability assessment; water resources; water rights; subsistence farming; modeling; survey; climate change; impact; hydrology vulnerability assessment; water resources; water rights; subsistence farming; modeling; survey; climate change; impact; hydrology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lasage, R.; Muis, S.; Sardella, C.S.E.; van Drunen, M.A.; Verburg, P.H.; Aerts, J.C.J.H. A Stepwise, Participatory Approach to Design and Implement Community Based Adaptation to Drought in the Peruvian Andes. Sustainability 2015, 7, 1742-1773.

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