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Sustainability 2015, 7(12), 15785-15793; doi:10.3390/su71215785

Establishment and Applied Research on a Wetland Ecosystem Evaluation Model in Taiwan

1
School of Health Diet and Industry Management, Chung Shan Medical University, No. 110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung 40201, Taiwan
2
Department of Medical Management, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Rd., Taichung 40201, Taiwan 
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 22 October 2015 / Accepted: 12 November 2015 / Published: 26 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [184 KB, uploaded 26 November 2015]

Abstract

There is rich biodiversity and biomass in wetlands and these areas are important in ecosystems. Assessment of the environment of wetlands is critical in the management of pivotal ecosystems. The energy ecological footprint (EEF) is an improved form of the ecological footprint method based on the theory of energy value. EEF can be a useful tool for comparing and monitoring environmental impacts. EEF was used to investigate a national coastal wetland in Taiwan; i.e., Gaomei Wetlands. We created a wetland ecosystem evaluation model to quantify the EEF, ecological safety of the GaomeiWetlands, and energy ecological carrying capacity to assess the current environmental situation of the area between 2007 and 2013. The research results provide a reference for environmental policy execution, strategy, and planning and suggestions for sustainable development of the Gaomei Wetlands. Our study showed that the per capita ecological carrying capacity of the Gaomei Wetlands experienced fluctuations during the time of the study. However, the per capita EF had substantial growth. The per capita ecological carrying capacity of the Gaomei Wetlands was influenced by the EFs of the fossil energy land, meadows, and croplands. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetlands; ecosystem; energy ecological footprint; ecological security wetlands; ecosystem; energy ecological footprint; ecological security
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, H.-S. Establishment and Applied Research on a Wetland Ecosystem Evaluation Model in Taiwan. Sustainability 2015, 7, 15785-15793.

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