Next Article in Journal
Comparative Multi-Criteria Assessment of Climate Policies and Sustainable Development Strategies in Cameroon: Towards a GIS Decision-Support Tool for the Design of an Optimal REDD+ Strategy
Previous Article in Journal
Examination of Green Building Drivers in the South African Construction Industry: Economics versus Ecology
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2014, 6(9), 6107-6124; doi:10.3390/su6096107

Biodiversity Conservation in Rice Paddies in China: Toward Ecological Sustainability

1
State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
3
Changjiang River Scientific Research Institute, Wuhan 430010, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 May 2014 / Revised: 29 August 2014 / Accepted: 30 August 2014 / Published: 9 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [849 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Rice paddies are artificial wetlands that supply people with food and provide wildlife with habitats, breeding areas, shelters, feeding grounds and other services, and rice paddies play an important part in agricultural ecological systems. However, modern agricultural practices with large-scale intensive farming have significantly accelerated the homogenization of the paddy field ecosystem. Modern agriculture mostly relies on chemically-driven modern varieties and irrigation to ensure high production, resulting in the deterioration and imbalance of the ecosystem. Consequently, outbreaks of diseases, insects and weeds have become more frequent in paddy fields. This paper describes the current situation of rice paddy biodiversity in China and analyzes the community characteristics of arthropods and weedy plants. Meanwhile, we discuss how biodiversity was affected by modern agriculture changes, which have brought about a mounting crisis threatening to animals and plants once common in rice paddies. Measures should be focused to firstly preventing further deterioration and, then, also, promoting restoration processes. Ecological sustainability can be achieved by restoring paddy field biodiversity through protecting the ecological environment surrounding the paddy fields, improving paddy cropping patterns, growing rice with less agricultural chemicals and chemical fertilizers, constructing paddy systems with animals and plants and promoting ecological education and public awareness. View Full-Text
Keywords: rice production; ecological sustainability; rice paddy biodiversity; modern agriculture rice production; ecological sustainability; rice paddy biodiversity; modern agriculture
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Luo, Y.; Fu, H.; Traore, S. Biodiversity Conservation in Rice Paddies in China: Toward Ecological Sustainability. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6107-6124.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top