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Sustainability 2014, 6(8), 5187-5202; doi:10.3390/su6085187

Sustainable Living in Africa: Case of Water, Sanitation, Air Pollution and Energy

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Covenant University, P.M.B. 1023, Ota, Ogun State +234, Nigeria
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 February 2014 / Revised: 28 July 2014 / Accepted: 29 July 2014 / Published: 12 August 2014
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Abstract

The study reviewed developmental challenges confronting African countries with specific reference to the availability of potable water, sanitation, energy, water and ambient air. It showed the conflict between the need to exploit environmental capital in order to keep up with the pace of human development activities and the need to utilize resources sustainably. Hitherto, the cost of this development has been at the expense of public health and cleaner environment. The outcome demonstrates the need for a change of approach in the way and manner that environmental resources are exploited for developmental purposes. Two concepts for addressing these problems were discussed. These are the “soft path” approach and the trialog model. The former places high priority on the proper use and management of existing infrastructure or resources rather than acquisition or exploitation of more infrastructure or resources. The latter concept addresses the principle of resource governance through the application of an understanding of the complex relationship between the main stakeholders—government, science, and society. Case studies on the practicality of these concepts were also highlighted and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment; water; energy; air; pollution; development environment; water; energy; air; pollution; development
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Omole, D.O.; Ndambuki, J.M. Sustainable Living in Africa: Case of Water, Sanitation, Air Pollution and Energy. Sustainability 2014, 6, 5187-5202.

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