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Sustainability 2014, 6(8), 5162-5186;

Forest Policy and Law for Sustainability within the Korean Peninsula

Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Room 7215, Building 200, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-921, Korea
School of Law, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-743, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2014 / Revised: 18 July 2014 / Accepted: 31 July 2014 / Published: 12 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Law for Sustainability)
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Since the early 1990s, sustainable forest management (SFM) has emerged as a paradigm of forest management on global, regional and national levels. In developing countries, avoiding deforestation is a preliminary step towards SFM. The Korean peninsula experienced severe deforestation and forest degradation after the Korean War (1950–1953). In the 1970s and 1980s, South Korea achieved forest restoration through the National Greening Program. In contrast, North Korea failed to restore forests in spite of continuous trials with forest restoration plans. In North Korea, deforestation has accelerated since the mid-1980s. Deforestation and forest degradation in North Korea threatens stability throughout the Korean peninsula. This study focuses on comparing the forest policy and laws of South Korea and North Korea and suggesting forest policy that promotes sustainability in the Korean peninsula. The research findings can provide developing countries with significant information on forest policy and laws to avoid deforestation and forest degradation and move towards sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable forest management; Korea; policy; legal framework; unification sustainable forest management; Korea; policy; legal framework; unification

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Park, M.S.; Lee, H. Forest Policy and Law for Sustainability within the Korean Peninsula. Sustainability 2014, 6, 5162-5186.

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