Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 571-588; doi:10.3390/su6020571
Article

Biofuel for Energy Security: An Examination on Pyrolysis Systems with Emissions from Fertilizer and Land-Use Change

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Received: 16 December 2013; in revised form: 10 January 2014 / Accepted: 13 January 2014 / Published: 27 January 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: One of the most important concerns facing Taiwan is lack of energy security. The study examines to what extent the Taiwan energy security can be enhanced through bioenergy production and how bioenergy affects net greenhouse gases emissions. Ethanol, conventional bioelectricity and pyrolysis based electricity are analyzed and emissions from fertilizer use and land use change are also incorporated. The study employs the Modified Taiwan Agricultural Sector Model (MTASM) for economic and environmental analysis. The results indicate that Taiwan indeed increases its energy security from bioenergy production but net greenhouse gases emissions are also increased. Emissions from fertilizer use and land use change have significant impacts on emissions reduction and pyrolysis does not always provide net greenhouse emissions offset. Some policy implications including goal determination, land availability and emissions trading systems are also provided for potential policy decision making.
Keywords: pyrolysis system; fertilizer use; land use change; bioenergy production; greenhouse gases emissions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kung, C.-C.; Xie, H.; Wu, T.; Chen, S.-C. Biofuel for Energy Security: An Examination on Pyrolysis Systems with Emissions from Fertilizer and Land-Use Change. Sustainability 2014, 6, 571-588.

AMA Style

Kung C-C, Xie H, Wu T, Chen S-C. Biofuel for Energy Security: An Examination on Pyrolysis Systems with Emissions from Fertilizer and Land-Use Change. Sustainability. 2014; 6(2):571-588.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kung, Chih-Chun; Xie, Hualin; Wu, Tao; Chen, Shih-Chih. 2014. "Biofuel for Energy Security: An Examination on Pyrolysis Systems with Emissions from Fertilizer and Land-Use Change." Sustainability 6, no. 2: 571-588.

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