Next Article in Journal
Biofuel for Energy Security: An Examination on Pyrolysis Systems with Emissions from Fertilizer and Land-Use Change
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Two Environmental Best Management Practices on Pond Water and Effluent Quality and Growth of Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus
Previous Article in Journal
Blocking of Snow/Water Slurry Flow in Pipeline Caused by Compression-Strengthening of Snow Column
Previous Article in Special Issue
Collecting Critical Data to Assess the Sustainability of Rural Infrastructure in Low-Income Countries
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2014, 6(2), 545-570; doi:10.3390/su6020545

How Assessment Methods Can Support Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries—A Critical Review

1
Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries (Sandec), Überlandstrasse 133, P.O. Box 611, Duebendorf 8600, Switzerland
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture, Land, Environment and Mathematics, University of Brescia, via Branze 43, Brescia I-25123, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2013 / Revised: 9 January 2014 / Accepted: 15 January 2014 / Published: 27 January 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [764 KB, 24 February 2015; original version 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Selecting actions for improvement of solid waste management in low and middle income countries and understanding how a specific decision choice will fit and impact on a local context is key to identifying sustainable solutions. Assessment of the choice (be it technical or managerial) and assessment of the local enabling or disabling conditions are both important steps in the decision making process. Various assessment tools and methods are currently available to support decision-making in solid waste management. Assessment can be used to identify weaknesses or strengths of existing systems in a structured way and hereby highlight factors of success and failure. Assessment methods can also evaluate and compare different possible choices as in project scenarios. This overview describes established and innovative assessment methods serving both these purposes. A range of assessment tools are often designed to assess a specific sustainability domain (technical, environmental and health, economic and financial, social and institutional, organizational aspects), others attempt to provide a more holistic picture by integrating different sustainability domains into the same tool. This paper reviews a number of methods describing and discussing each of them, and referring to their use in low and middle-income countries if published in scientific literature. The overview concludes that in low- and middle-income countries the use of comprehensive assessment methods is yet very limited. We hypothesize that most formal methods of assessment are still too complex and generally overburden the weak local capacities intended for their usage. The few applications identified, were conducted by academia for scientific purposes. Lack of resources to collect the vast data required for some assessment methods is a further restriction to their practical application. Future development is suggested to improve user friendliness of existing tools or to simplify certain approaches and develop more appropriate methods. A user-oriented focus in the development of assessment tools would enhance their application, provide sound data for informed decision making and foster a dialogue between technicians and policy makers in low- and middle-income countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: assessment methods; evaluation methodologies; developing countries; sustainability; decision making support tools; solid waste management assessment methods; evaluation methodologies; developing countries; sustainability; decision making support tools; solid waste management
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zurbrügg, C.; Caniato, M.; Vaccari, M. How Assessment Methods Can Support Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries—A Critical Review. Sustainability 2014, 6, 545-570.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top