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Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 6509-6528; doi:10.3390/su6106509

Spatial Distribution of Migration and Economic Development: A Case Study of Sichuan Province, China

School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, No. 19, Xinjiekouwai Street, Haidian district, Beijing 100875, China
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Received: 20 June 2014 / Revised: 7 September 2014 / Accepted: 11 September 2014 / Published: 26 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

The spatial distribution of China’s rapid growth in population and economic development is uneven, and this imbalance leads to migration. However, the literature concerning migration in China has been primarily focused at the provincial scale and on eastern parts of the country. Relatively few studies have examined migration between counties and these rarely involve poor areas, and even more rarely involving out-migration areas. Using statistical data, this study analyzes the spatial correspondence between population distribution and economic development in Sichuan with an index, the Correspondence of Population and Economy (CPE). We also build a regression model of net-migration to analyze the driving forces of migration. The results include the following: (1) The distribution of population, population density, GDP, and GDP growth are all similar, and the high value areas are mainly concentrated in eastern Sichuan; (2) The number of counties that are balanced in CPE dropped from 30 to 12 from 2005 to 2012, but the counties did not overlap; (3) Most in-migrants come from Sichuan itself, and in-migration areas are primarily concentrated in cities; (4) In the regression model, the four economic factors have a positive influence on net-migration, but rural employment has a negative influence; (5) CPE has a weak negative correlation with net-migration. View Full-Text
Keywords: correspondence of population and economy index; migration; linear regression correspondence of population and economy index; migration; linear regression
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, C.; Han, H.; Song, J. Spatial Distribution of Migration and Economic Development: A Case Study of Sichuan Province, China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 6509-6528.

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