Sustainability 2013, 5(7), 3129-3149; doi:10.3390/su5073129
Article

Biofuels and Sustainable Transport: A Conceptual Discussion

1 Department of Civil and Transport Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, Trondheim 7491, Norway 2 Western Norway Research Institute, PO Box 163, Sogndal 6851, Norway
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 May 2013; in revised form: 13 June 2013 / Accepted: 15 July 2013 / Published: 22 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agroforestry)
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Abstract: Strategies for sustainably using biofuels must be thoroughly assessed at several levels. First, the use of biofuels must comply with sustainable development’s main dimensions. Second, the use of biofuels must comply with sustainable transport’s main dimensions. Third, gains from using biofuels strategies must compare favorably to gains from other sustainable transport strategies, such as altering transport patterns and reducing transport volume. Fourth, the gains must compare favorably to gains from improving conventional fossil-fuel-based advanced vehicles. Fifth, the gains must compare favorably to gains from using other alternative fuels. Sixth, the gains from using one generation of biofuels (e.g., first generation) must compare favorably to gains from using others (e.g., second through fourth generations). Performing scientifically sound and fair comparisons demands reliable theoretical perspectives and a well-established methodological basis. Industrial ecology theory and life cycle assessment methodology, respectively, are well-suited for these tasks.
Keywords: ecological sustainability; sustainability assessment and strategies; biofuels; sustainable development; sustainable transport; industrial ecology; life cycle assessment

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MDPI and ACS Style

Holden, E.; Gilpin, G. Biofuels and Sustainable Transport: A Conceptual Discussion. Sustainability 2013, 5, 3129-3149.

AMA Style

Holden E, Gilpin G. Biofuels and Sustainable Transport: A Conceptual Discussion. Sustainability. 2013; 5(7):3129-3149.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holden, Erling; Gilpin, Geoffrey. 2013. "Biofuels and Sustainable Transport: A Conceptual Discussion." Sustainability 5, no. 7: 3129-3149.

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