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Sustainability 2012, 4(9), 2022-2037; doi:10.3390/su4092022

Urban Vulnerability in Bantul District, Indonesia—Towards Safer and Sustainable Development

1
Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Gadjah Mada University—Sekip Utara, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
2
Department of Regional Development, Faculty of Geography, Gadjah Mada University—Sekip Utara, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 April 2012 / Revised: 6 July 2012 / Accepted: 16 July 2012 / Published: 30 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Development in Natural Protected Areas)
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Abstract

Assuring safer and sustainable development in seismic prone areas requires predictive measurements, i.e., hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment. This research aims to assess urban vulnerability due to seismic hazard through a risk based spatial plan. The idea is to indicate current and future potential losses due to specified hazards with given spatial and temporal units. Herein, urban vulnerability refers to the classic separation between social and physical vulnerability assessments. The research area covers six sub-districts in Bantul, Indonesia. It experienced 6.2 Mw earthquakes on May, 27th, 2006 and suffered a death toll of 5700, economic losses of up to 3.1 billion US$ and damage to nearly 80% of a 508 km2 area. The research area experienced the following regional issues: (1) seismic hazard; (2) rapid land conversion and (3) domination of low-income group. This research employs spatial multi criteria evaluations (SMCE) for social vulnerability (SMCE-SV) and for physical vulnerability (SMCE-PV). The research reveals that (1) SMCE-SV and SMCE-PV are empirically possible to indicate the urban vulnerability indices; and (2) integrating the urban vulnerability assessment into a spatial plan requires strategic, technical, substantial and procedural integration. In summary, without adequate knowledge and political support, any manifestation towards safer and sustainable development will remain meager and haphazard.
Keywords: vulnerability; sustainability; spatial plan; seismic hazard; Indonesia vulnerability; sustainability; spatial plan; seismic hazard; Indonesia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hizbaron, D.R.; Baiquni, M.; Sartohadi, J.; Rijanta, R. Urban Vulnerability in Bantul District, Indonesia—Towards Safer and Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2012, 4, 2022-2037.

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