Sustainability 2012, 4(2), 154-174; doi:10.3390/su4020154
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Sustainable Manufacturing and Design: Concepts, Practices and Needs

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Received: 6 January 2012; Accepted: 21 January 2012 / Published: 24 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Manufacturing)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: An investigation is reported on the importance of integrating sustainability with manufacturing and design, along with other objectives such as function, competitiveness, profitability and productivity. The need of utilizing appropriate tools like design for environment, life cycle assessment and other environmentally sound practices that are cognizant of the entire life cycle of a process or product is highlighted. It is likely that sustainability and environmental stewardship will be increasingly important considerations in manufacturing and design in the future and are likely to influence the main priorities for advancing manufacturing operations and technologies. Designers and manufacturing decision makers who adopt a sustainability focus and establish a sustainability culture within companies are more likely to be successful in enhancing design and manufacturing. It is concluded that more extensive research and collaboration is needed to improve understanding of sustainability in manufacturing and design, and to enhance technology transfer and applications of sustainability.
Keywords: manufacturing; design; sustainability; environment; life cycle assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rosen, M.A.; Kishawy, H.A. Sustainable Manufacturing and Design: Concepts, Practices and Needs. Sustainability 2012, 4, 154-174.

AMA Style

Rosen MA, Kishawy HA. Sustainable Manufacturing and Design: Concepts, Practices and Needs. Sustainability. 2012; 4(2):154-174.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rosen, Marc A.; Kishawy, Hossam A. 2012. "Sustainable Manufacturing and Design: Concepts, Practices and Needs." Sustainability 4, no. 2: 154-174.

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