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Identifying and Structuring Values to Guide the Choice of Sustainability Indicators for Tourism Development
Laboratorio de SIG aplicados a la Planeación Ambiental, Departamento El Hombre y su Ambiente, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Calz. del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, C.P. 04960, Coyoacán, D.F., México
Departamento Planeación y Seguimiento de Sistemas, Apoyos y Servicios a la Comercialización Agropecuaria (ASERCA), José María Ibarrarán 84, Col. San José Insurgentes, C.P. 03900, Benito Juárez, D.F., México
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 August 2010; in revised form: 7 September 2010 / Accepted: 8 September 2010 / Published: 17 September 2010
Abstract: In Mexico, the National Trust for Tourism Promotion (FONATUR) needs to lead development of Integrally Planned Tourist Centers (IPC) towards sustainability. As the development of these IPCs leads to changes in local communities and their environment, it is necessary to define how to establish a path towards sustainability and how to measure progress towards that goal. The objective of this study is to contribute toward identifying the main stakeholder’s values, defining sustainability indicators at a local level, and to discuss their adequacy in the context of tourism development. The study was performed in a Mexican community facing its probable inclusion in tourism development and special attention was given to the values of stakeholders in defining which objectives to monitor. Using Value-Focused Thinking as a framework, a series of interviews were analyzed and the opinions were organized in a tree of values, encompassing environmental, economic, social and political/institutional aspects. A set of indicators associated with these objectives was subsequently proposed. This information may serve as a guide to design and monitor plans that are more appealing from a sustainability perspective and as an aid in the identification of future information needs.
Keywords: indicators; value-focused thinking; sustainability; touristic developments
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Chávez-Cortés, M.; Maya, J.A.A. Identifying and Structuring Values to Guide the Choice of Sustainability Indicators for Tourism Development. Sustainability 2010, 2, 3074-3099.
Chávez-Cortés M, Maya JAA. Identifying and Structuring Values to Guide the Choice of Sustainability Indicators for Tourism Development. Sustainability. 2010; 2(9):3074-3099.
Chávez-Cortés, Marta; Maya, José Alberto Alcántara. 2010. "Identifying and Structuring Values to Guide the Choice of Sustainability Indicators for Tourism Development." Sustainability 2, no. 9: 3074-3099.