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Institutionalizing Sustainability across the Federal Government
Center for Law, Science and Innovation, Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 877906, Tempe, AZ 85287-7906, USA
School of Politics and Global Studies, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 877906, Tempe, AZ 85287-7906, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 April 2010; in revised form: 13 June 2010 / Accepted: 22 June 2010 / Published: 2 July 2010
Abstract: A notable aspect of sustainability is its holistic and cross-cutting nature—it cannot be achieved by any single rule, statute or agency. Instead, sustainability must be institutionalized across the legal system and government as a whole. In this paper, we propose and examine five mechanisms for institutionalizing sustainability across the federal legal system: (1) an Executive Order on sustainability; (2) a sustainability impact assessment process; (3) a non-partisan Congressional Joint Committee on Sustainability; (4) a federal Sustainability Commission; and (5) a Sustainability Law Reform Commission. Each is modeled on an existing institution in the United States or another jurisdiction. We discuss and compare the advantages and disadvantages of each mechanism, and discuss how the mechanisms might best be used, singly or in combination, to institutionalize sustainability across the federal government.
Keywords: sustainability; sustainable development; institutional analysis; executive order; environmental impact assessment; government commissions; law reform; governance
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MDPI and ACS Style
Abbott, K.W.; Marchant, G.E. Institutionalizing Sustainability across the Federal Government. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1924-1942.
Abbott KW, Marchant GE. Institutionalizing Sustainability across the Federal Government. Sustainability. 2010; 2(7):1924-1942.
Abbott, Kenneth W.; Marchant, Gary E. 2010. "Institutionalizing Sustainability across the Federal Government." Sustainability 2, no. 7: 1924-1942.